Abstract: The Don Cossacks had their own banner system. In addition to the banners, which were sent to the Don by the tsar, the Cossacks had their own banners, which were very diverse. During the military reform of 1875 the Cossack banners were unified and became identical in form with the Russian cavalry standards. During the civil war, the Cossacks retained the old unified tsarist banners for their resurgent regular regiments, with the exception of the Kalmyk regiment. The remaining Cossack regiments, which made up the majority, revived the old system of diversity of banners.
Abstract: Greek theme actualization in the Russian literature of the turn of XVIII and XIX centuries was related to National Liberation movement of the Greeks against the Turks. So, social and literary movement – philhellinism – appeared. Conflicts between the Greeks and the Turks resulted in mass migration (XVIII and XIX centuries) of Greek people to Russia, to Taganrog in particular. In the second half of the XIX century the writers’ reasons for appealing to the Greek theme were quite realistic. At the same time, starting from antiquity the Greek culture remained a source for many literary images and plots.
The issue of A.P. Chekhov’s attitude to Greece and the Greeks includes several aspects: biographic connections of Chekhov with Greek people, the Greeks images in his works, and cultural Greek “text” in Chekhov’s works. Some characters of early Chekhov stories relate to his Greek neighbourhood in Taganrog. Signs of Greek culture take an important place in Chekhov’s artistic world and are familiar to every literate person.
The Greek and Greece from ancient times till the end of the XIX century depicted in Chekhov works may be called continuation and development of literary philhellinism. It simultaneously destroys the literary stereotypes, sneers at them and opens new ways of developing the Greek theme.
Abstract: Cathedrals of major cities of Russia have traditionally been the centers of not only Church life, but also the focus of cultural life, which attracted outstanding artists. Rostov Cathedral of the Nativity of the virgin was no exception. Here in the last third of the XIX – first half of XX century carried his Ministry musicians and artists, whose names entered the history not only of Rostov-on-Don and the Soviet Union. The article is devoted to the return of forgotten names of outstanding artists whose life was associated with the Rostov Cathedral of the Nativity of the virgin.
Abstract: In the 1930-s to 1950-s, a transition from mainly cargo to mostly passenger traffic took place on the Izhevsk pond. On the basis of the industrial plans and statistical reports of the Plant No. 74, the evolution of the vessel’s composition was reconstructed. It was concluded that during the specified period the vessels of the plant solved approximately a constant range of tasks, since the numerical composition of 3-4 vessels remained unchanged during this period. In addition, the resolving problems were of approximately the same importance, since the composition of vessels is constantly updated. It is established that some of the vessels were built at the factory, for example, the vessel “Planeta”.
Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of a rarely examined topic: the role of photography in wartime correspondence between the front and rear as a historical source. The state and citizen have different attitudes to the photography. Photographs in wartime could simultaneously act not only as witnesses, but also as prosecutors. Soldiers and commanders and their families gave the photograph an exceptional value. The photograph was more valuable than the letters and must be kept. The photographs were taken on the road even when there was not enough time for the collections, their place was next to documents, money and a modest stock of things and provisions in hand luggage. Soldiers wore photos of relatives and friends in the pocket of their uniform at the heart or in a knapsack behind their backs. The coverage of the circumstances in which the soldiers and the Red Army commanders made and sent photographs to their homes, relatives, friends and neighbors and comrades in arms draw a true picture of a military everyday life, provide the necessary details for understanding the behavior of a person in war, and reveal his inner world. The article is based upon the data from the letters and diaries of the Soviet Jews – soldiers of the Red Army – which were collected in the archives of the Diaspora Research Center at Tel Aviv University over the last five years (2012–2018) and are herein introduced into academic circulation for the first time.
Abstract: The Rostov Region for two years, from the autumn of 1941 until the autumn of 1943, was the
site of the decisive battles of the Great Patriotic War at its most critical stage. The memorialization
of the military history of the Rostov region has a systemic, multi-level character. On March 1, 2017,
the Legislative Assembly of the Rostov Region adopted with the aim to preserve the historical
memory of the nationwide feat and the glory of the Don the regional law No. 1012-ZS “On the
honorary titles of the Rostov Region: ‘The City of Military Valor’, ‘The Settlement of Military Valor’,
and ‘The Line of Military Valor’”. The main goal of this regional law was to give a new impulse to
the patriotic education of children and young people in the Rostov region on the examples from the
deep and recent history of each municipality. This article discusses the implementation of the law
“On the honorary titles of the Rostov region” in 2017–2019.
Abstract: The article deals with the activities of Ivan Timofeyevich Kokorev on the collecting and studying folklore and ethnographic materials. Particular attention in his work was focused on materials related to the life and customs of Moscow burghers. Of particular interest are the descriptions of the types of Moscow artisans, their professional folklore (proverbs, prescriptions, professional jargon and signs). The author pays great attention to the description of the holidays and festivals, as well as the games. Kokorev published the songs of the citizens (round dance, table, ritual, cruel romances) and actively used them in his works. He showed great attention to the peculiarities of the costume of the urban lower classes, urban amusements, folk cooking, wedding ceremonies. The writer turned out to be a very attentive and scrupulous collector of folklore and ethnographic material. He was one of the few who paid attention to the folklore tradition and customs of the townsfolk. Kokorev’s essays are especially interesting being based on his personal observations on the life of Moscow, its holidays and everyday life.